In order to "create a favorable impression and lighten [their] burdens" and be accepted by the white community, some colored people that are "strangers to the ordinary rules of politeness" must become more like "the better class of colored people".
John Mitchell, the president of the United Mine Workers of America, gives two powerful speeches in Philadelphia to a crowd of over 10,000 union men, noted as “the greatest demonstration organized labor ever held.”
Coal strikers ravage farms in order to feed their families; threats that cavalry will be sent in for “for the purpose of stopping the raids” show the severity of the strikers’ impacts, now totalling $71,700,000.
An angry mob of over 5,000 coal strikers causes “a reign of terror” in Shenandoah. Many policemen fire into the crowd and kill some strikers, but ultimately they “ran for their lives”, forcing 1,200 soldiers to intervene "to maintain peace".
People suspect that anthracite miners will not resume work until October because it will take at least two weeks to get the mines and machinery "in full working order after the men have signified their willingness to return to work".
“In the midst of anarchist conditions,” where mobs roam and people disregard the law, it is “especially unfortunate” that the latest meeting for the National Afro-American Council sparked disagreement among the members over office positions.